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Fab-ZAP Protocol and Toxicity

as seen in Targeting Trends Newsletter, Jul-Aug-Sep 2010


View the protocol to prepare test samples using Fab-ZAP secondary conjugates here.

Has anyone from ATS run a titration of Fab-ZAP (Cat. #IT-48 and Cat. #IT-51) by itself with Daudi cells (or any cell line) to see if there was any cytotoxicity?

While we have not done a titration of the Fab-ZAP line of products, we have tested their cytotoxicity at the maximum concentration used in our in-house assays (45 ng/100 µl, 96-well plate), and have not see any non-specific killing.

However, with Daudi cells in flow cytometry, we do have some data indicating that the Fab-ZAP (human) binds the cells non-specifically. This appears to be a result peculiar to Daudi cells for undetermined reasons. Fab-ZAP (human) on non-human cell lines has not resulted in non-specific cytotoxicity.

In general, this line of products is used as a diagnostic tool with antibodies that are of a particular host species targeted to an alternate species, so the non-specific binding possibility is negligible. Additionally, there are cell lines that are particularly sensitive to Saporin, and Daudi cells may fall into that category, such that it would be a very good idea to titrate the Fab-ZAP product for your own individual application and use.

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